Quick Answer: Do I Need Smoke Seals On Fire Doors?

Do fd30 fire doors need intumescent strips?

The minimum rating of a fire door is now predominantly FD30, with intumescent seals being necessary to achieve this rating.

This change came about in recognition that very tight edge gaps were necessary to achieve a FD20 fire rating when doors were subjected to fire resistance testing without intumescent strips..

What does an intumescent strip look like?

An intumescent strip (or intumescent seal) is a piece of material fitted around a doorway that when exposed to heat, expands closing any gaps around the door to stop the fire spreading for a period of time. Intumescent strips usually come with either 30 or 60 minutes of resistance to fire.

How big of a gap should there be at the bottom of a door?

3 Answers. The standard I use is 1/2″ over finish floors, 3/4″ is acceptable. To fix the issue the doors need to be removed, bottom of the jambs cut and reset the door. I have never seen a door set with that big of a gap unless it was to get past floors that were not level.

When should a fire door have smoke seals?

Building Regulations do not require cold smoke seals to be fitted to fire doors opening on to a protected escape route situated within a single family dwellinghouse or within an individual flat.

How do you seal a fire door?

The best way to ensure you have a seal at all times is to install intumescent strips with fire and smoke seals on fire doors. The intumescent seals are fitted to the top and sides of a door and in the event of a fire the intumescent material inside will expand and seal the gaps between the door and frame.

Do all fire doors have intumescent strips?

Smoke seals must be fitted to all fire doors. … Intumescent strips are materials which, when subjected to heat, swell up and close the gaps between door and frame. Intumescent filling materials are useful for filling holes, voids etc where pipework has been run through wall or ceilings etc.

How do fire door seals work?

Intumescent Fire Seals Fire seals contain intumescent material. This material expands when exposed to heat. When a fire door is exposed to a fire, these seals heat up and expand to many times their original size, sealing the gap between the door and the door frame to stop the fire spreading.

Why do doors have a gap at the bottom?

The gap is necessary to act as an air return when the doors are closed. Without the gap, little air will come out of the supply ductwork. It can impact the “balance” of your system.

Are fire doors airtight?

As a Fire door is required to form a virtual air tight seal when closed the failure to fit a fire door correctly will compromise the door’s performance and ultimately property and lives will be at risk.

What should you never do to a fire door?

Top things you should not do with fire doorsNever lock a fire door. Emergency fire doors must not be locked, or fastened in a way that they cannot easily, and immediately, be opened by any person who may require to use them in an emergency.Never leave a fire door wedged open. … Never allow a fire door to be blocked. … Enfield Doors.

Should Fire doors have a gap at the bottom?

BS9999:2008 recommends for fire doors with cold smoke control that the threshold gap should be either less than 3mm in height or should be fitted with a threshold seal. When speaking with manufacturers, however, a common statement is that a fire doors gap of up to 8 mm underneath the door is permissible.

Should fire doors have 3 hinges?

Doors with a security function need to have at least 3 hinges, as this makes them more difficult to force. Fire Regulations require fire doors to be fitted with 3 hinges (which must be 4 inch fire certified hinges). For doors over 2200mm tall, then four hinges can be used to prevent warping.

What is the difference between intumescent strips and smoke seals?

A smoke seal is placed in the same places as an intumescent strip, but it is always visible. While the intumescent strip blocks off the fire itself, the smoke seal is designed to only block smoke-protecting you from smoke inhalation. Smoke seals and intumescent strips can indeed work well together.

Can you paint over smoke seals?

You can paint over an “intumescent strip” which is designed for fire protection but you mustn’t get paint on a smoke seal. Also, be careful to ensure that the strip isn’t damaged by the painter’s preparations.

Are fire doors the same as smoke doors?

Fire doors are designed to stop the spread of flames and smoke. Smoke doors, on the other hand, are made to stop smoke from spreading into fire escape routes, providing occupants with a clear, non-toxic route to exit the building.